How to review literature for research paper, most...

Do they reveal a trend in the field? But other differences are what make your research unique or different. Increasingly, examiners at post-graduate level are looking for the detail of how you chose which evidence you decided to refer to. Consider how you reassemble your notes: A good, well-explained structure is also a huge help to the reader.

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This can involve further review with perhaps a slightly different focus from that of your initial review. A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling. These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself.

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The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals. The following provides a brief description of the content of each: Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common theme or issue?

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Keep your review focused on your topic: And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically. Import your references how to review literature for research paper your RefWorks account see: You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.

Still another way to explore alcohol use is to know "how many drinks are consumed on one occasion. But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order.

Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper

Now what is the most effective way of presenting the information? Overview the articles: Here are a couple of examples: It is also important to see the writing stage as part of the research process, not something that happens after you have finished reading the literature.

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On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Be selective. Consider how you reassemble your notes: The focus of a literature review, however, is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.

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A split may not make a difference for some, but an split in responsibility seems more unfair. It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process.

Step-by-step guide

In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies. Wherever possible, use original source material rather than summaries or reviews by others.

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This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. They may be small, such as doing your research on a local community instead of a regional one.

What is a literature review?

Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Decisions need to be made about where to focus your reading, and where you can refer briefly to an area but explain why you will not sample cover letter nurses going into it in more detail.

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What geographical area? This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text.

What this handout is about

A skill that helps in curtailing the reading is: The story needs to be logical, informative, persuasive, comprehensive and, ideally, interesting. Critiques of that approach. Why do some couples get divorced and others do not? Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.

Doing a literature review — University of Leicester

Harcourt Brace, Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written.

To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to. Information even two years old could be obsolete. Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review.

How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs? They will want to know how you went about looking for relevant material, and your process of selection and omission.

Literature Reviews - The Writing Center

It must be clear to the reader where it is going: But combing estimates of both partners time allows for a more specific test of the first hypothesis: Notice that Falk and Mills do quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

The criteria you used to select the sources in your literature review or the way in which you present your information.

  • However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.
  • Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the progression of time.
  • More and more cultural studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration.

You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one. It is an important showcase of your talents of: Glendale, CA: This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below.

Doing a literature review

But how do you go through it and make sense of it "one the whole? Basic tools for writing are the same such as style but the goal of a literature review in a research paper is somewhat different from other types of writing.

If variations exist, this might provide a case for your research.

The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. If sociologists have been studying primarily urban populations, you might want to see if relationships are similar in more rural settings. Pay attention to how authors have explained these variations.

However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.

Why do I need a literature review?

For more information, please see our handout on plagiarism. The thread running through the story is the explanation que significa application letter en ingles why you decided to do the study that you are doing.

We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. You will find research that measures the division of household labor by asking "who does more-you or your partner?