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Regardless, it appears that a very bad decision was made for which no one is willing to take responsibility. Despite numerous attempts to cap the leak, oil continued to flow into the Gulf for nearly three months before a solution was found and the well was finally capped.

On April 20, an explosion rocked the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico 41 miles off the coast of Louisiana. Years of damage assessments, restoration projects, claims and lawsuits lay ahead.


Recognizing the extensive experience he had acquired during his years as independent expert and following the end of his term, SEEAC appointed him as a process safety expert and assigned him to work, in a global capacity, with the Downstream business, having frequent and direct access not only to the board, but also to BP employees from the most senior executives down to the shop floor.

A lot of research is still needed to fully understand the long-term effects of dispersants on the region and its inhabitants—not to mention how they move through the food chain to impact larger predators, such as people.

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No one wants to take responsibility now, which is equivalent to saying that no one was taking responsibility in the first place: Adrian Cadiz Removing spilled oil from the environment is a difficult task.

Sorbents either absorb oil bp oil spill case study pdf a sponge or adsorb oil, which means that oil sticks to its surface. Because oil is hydrophobic doesn't mix with waterit floats to the surface when it spills into the ocean and forms large slicks. The oil spill disaster and response is analyzed in terms of: Public criticism and outrage following the incident not only focused on the oil spill, but on the lack of remorse and sincerity from the top management in crisis response, particularly the lack of sympathy to the victims of the disaster.

This plume formed because chemical dispersants, released into the water to break up the oil so it could wash awayallowed the oil to mix with seawater and stay suspended below the surface. Just because the oil and dispersants are out of human sight and mind in the deep sea doesn't mean they're gone.

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Tracking process safety performance [tweetthis]BP tracks progress in process safety management through leading indicators, to prevent incidents. A bit of technical detail is required to make sense of what happened to cause the spill. CEO Tony Hayward repeated insensitive comments in public, like this one: Typically such large amounts are sprayed over phd thesis front cover open ocean from an airplane or helicopter.

Air Force, Tech. When you're managing an environmental disaster of this magnitude you not only have to manage the problem but also manage all the stakeholders. These slicks can wreak havoc on coastal ecosystems and animals, so cleanup workers use dispersants —chemicals that break down the oil into smaller particles that mix with water more easily—to prevent them from forming.

If you intend to distribute, teach, or share this item, you must purchase permission for each individual who will be given access. And this is only one of multiple regulatory failures that could have contributed to this catastrophic accident. The mealy-mouthed testimony of BP, Transocean, and Halliburton makes this statement seem laughable.

Case Study: BP Oil Spill

Competence testing is a vital part of safe operating, so BP has developed a competency assurance programme to enhance drilling competency for key operational and leadership positions. The objectives of the competition are to introduce the practical applications of the core principles that define public relations as a critical function of management to scholars, teachers, and students, and encourage research that contributes to the profession's body of knowledge and provides practical suggestions on how to parts of case study in nursing the corporate public relations function.

Its own spill plan, filed the year before with the federal government, says of public relations: Seabirds were initially harmed by crude surface oil—even a small bit of oil on their feathers impeded their ability to fly, swim and find food by diving. What actions were taken to prevent and manage accidents and oils spills?

  1. Gulf Oil Spill | Smithsonian Ocean
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  3. The Gulf Oil Spill: A Classic Failure of Systems Leadership
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  5. Case Study: BP Oil Spill

Then they can use different tools to remove the collected oil. By late May, thick crude was fouling Louisiana, Alabama and Florida coastal marshes and beaches. Cleanup workers first surround the slick with floating booms to keep it from spreading to harbors, beaches or biologically important areas like marshes.

Scientists have found that the dispersant-oil mixture was rapidly colonized and broken down by bacteria that sunk towards the bottom. To read the winning bp oil spill case study pdf ofplease scroll down.

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Once the oil left the well, it spread throughout the water column. Found as deep as 4, feet below the surface, corals near the blowout showed signs of tissue damage and were covered by an unknown brown substance, later identified as oil from the spill. Five years after the spill some scientists believe that injecting dispersants directly at the wellhead may not have done much to help reduce the size of the oil droplets.

Lab studies have shown that oil can cause heart defects in the developing larvae of bluefin tuna and other fishbut we won't know if this occurred in the wild until after those larvae would have grown up. See next section.

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If you would like to quote these written sources from the original please revert to the following links: Tier 1 process safety events are those with the greatest consequence. Neither the United States government, nor BP, nor their subcontractors Halliburton and Transocean were prepared to deal with the fallout of a disaster of this magnitude.

Winning Student Case Studies | Case Study Competition | Arthur W. Page Society Absent a fundamental rethinking of how we define and enforce accountability, we should have absolutely no confidence that leaders in the private and public sectors will take responsibility when things hit the fan. It's possible that life in the deep sea was exposed to the dispersant-oil mixture.

The island is a sensitive nesting area for brown pelicans. Transocean alleges that it was so instructed by Cover letter philosophy journal. Permission to Reprint Each purchase of this product entitles the buyer to one digital file and use.

The ads, which link to BP's own oil-response sites, typically appear above or to the right of other search results. The funds will enable them to ramp up vital restoration work along the coast. Any bits of the mixture that didn't get broken down would then get buried in coastal and deep-sea sedimentswhere its breakdown slows. Capping and containment Capping and containment, including the ability to both cap the well and collect oil that has escaped, plays a pivotal role in being prepared to respond to any potential incident.


Published in Septemberthe resulting Bly Report concluded that no single cause was responsible for the accident. It describes the finger-pointing among BP, Transocean, and Halliburton over who is responsible for the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon rig.

And some oil sunk to the seafloor by gluing together falling particles in the water such as bacteria and phytoplankton to form marine snow. There were some reports of deformed wildlife after the spill. Bruneau, Offshore Structures and Loads, St.

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It is designed as a retrospective or "cadaver" case that looks back at the efforts to contain, cap and cleanup the oil spill. BP has committed to establishing a global wells institute and has invested in state-of-the art simulator facilities to support practical learning and testing, which will be made available to all deepwater rig teams, including its contractors. It was also discovered that BP made decisions that demonstrated a lack of business integrity, including hiding information from the public and the US government.

Please create an account or sign in to gain access to this material. As systems become more complex, the likelihood of systems failures becomes ever greater. While the dispersant helps expose more of the oil to bacteria and waves which help to break it down, it also makes the oil more available to wildlife.

Despite numerous attempts to cap the what you need to include in your cover letter, oil continued to flow into the Gulf for nearly three months before a solution was found and the well was finally capped. Student authors of winning entries and their faculty advisors are awarded cash prizes and recognized by the nation's leading corporate communications executives.

BP also held a one-day sustainability roundtable discussion in Baku, Azerbaijan, focusing on diverse viewpoints from a strategically significant market for the company. BP was finally able to seal the well temporarily on July 14 and then permanently seal the well in September. The amount and type of oil whether crude or refined affects how it spreads, and a spill in seawater spreads differently than freshwater.

Absent a fundamental sheffield hallam university creative writing ma of how we define and enforce accountability, we should have absolutely no confidence that leaders in the private and public sectors will take responsibility when things hit the fan. BP was unable to cap the leaking well for nearly 3 months while oil spilled out of the wellhead at a rate of 35, to 60, barrels per day.

Tourism revenues fell and thousands of miles of fishing grounds were closed. Because it seems that the MMS commissioned a report on the reliability of blow-out preventers and then free argumentative essay on euthanasia the recommendations, probably because complaints from please read the case study given below and answer questions given at the end about the associated costs.

Mistakes in Initial Response

Researchers are developing new dispersants that cause less environmental damage for the next spill. For years following the spill there were reports of fish with lesions and deformities, and some reports of eyeless and deformed shrimp after the spill. But dispersants can also enter the food chain and potentially harm wildlife.

BP said the idea was to help people on the Gulf find the right forms to fill out quickly and effectively. Dispersants are often used when workers want to stop the slick from spreading to a protected area like a harbor or marsh.

The impact of the spill on fish communities is still largely unknown. Since then, dolphin deaths have declined, and long-term impacts on the population are not yet known. The explosion was the result of a "blowout" of the wellhead at the seabed of the Gulf of Mexico, 5, feet beneath the drilling rig.

Because deep water drilling is a relatively new phenomenon, the technical challenges business plan for solar energy company pdf in capping a wellhead beneath more than 1, metres of water were new and unexplored.

Moral of the Story In conclusion, this is a classic case example of why organizational decision making in crisis situations should be based on ethical principles such as accountability and responsibility.

Monitoring the loss of primary containment BP monitors the integrity of its operations, tanks, vessels and pipelines used to produce, process and transport oil, hydrocarbons and other energy, with the aim of preventing the loss of material from its primary containment.

But dispersants can also enter the food chain and potentially harm wildlife. If you intend to distribute, teach, or share this item, you must purchase permission for each individual who will be given access.

Learn more about purchasing permission to reprint. When oil spills in water, it tends to float to the surface and spread out, forming a thin slick just a few millimeters thick. In the case of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, clean-up workers treated the oil with over 1.

Bp oil spill case study pdf, BP tracks loss of primary containment which includes unplanned or uncontrolled releases from a tank, vessel, pipe, railcar or equipment used for containment or transfer within its operational boundary, excluding non-hazardous releases such as water. Strandings of both dolphins and sea turtles increased significantly in the years following the spill.

BP tracks the number of process safety events occurring across its downstream process plants and upstream facilities, including unplanned or uncontrolled releases of materials causing harm to a member of the workforce or costly damage to equipment or exceeding threshold quantities.

Achieving safety in the Downstream business In its facilities across the Downstream business BP focuses on the safe storage, handling and processing of hydrocarbons through the systematic management of associated operating risks. Another option is to speed up the oil's natural biodegradation using dispersants. This is a general purpose case meant to be taught in bp oil spill case study pdf variety of academic disciplines.

The latter stage is where things apparently went wrong. In JuneBP issued thesis opening line final estimate of the cost of the spill, the largest in U. BP Oil Spill Background This lesson has addressed the key components of ethical principles in crisis communication, including the ethical principles of responsibility, accountability, and humanistic care.

Precisely why a different procedure was used is the subject of the finger-pointing. This isn't because of anything inherently dangerous in the mixture of the two; the rotifers are more able to ingest oil once it's made accessible by the dispersant.

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The case of BP oil spill in provides an important example for understanding how these principles are valued by public opinion in a crisis situation, and how the communication actions by a corporation in this type of circumstances might have long-term effect on the brand image of the organization. In seeking to manage these risks, BP takes measures to: Page Society and its first president. The report will then discuss changes that can be made to prevent reoccurrence of another disaster of this magnitude.

The business also continues to train and drill personnel to respond to emergencies. There are two wonderful articles on the Gulf of Mexico oil-spill disaster in the May 11 Wall Street Journal that are required reading for everyone interested in systems failures and the need for systems leadership.

The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Responding to the Crisis in the Gulf of Mexico

Disclosure Significant spills References: It would take nearly 3 months before the leak was stopped, and nearly 5 months before the well was declared effectively dead. Other Details. This variability makes it difficult to plan for spills ahead of time. Some hovered suspended in the midwater after rising from the wellhead like a chimney and dissertation topic on corporate governance several layers of oil, dispersant and seawater mixtures drifting down current; during the spill a mile long oil plume was reported.

The following report will outline the circumstances that led to the explosion of Deepwater Horizon and describe the role of business and engineering decisions in allowing the spill. One study showed that the combination of oil and the dispersant Corexit is 3 to times more toxic to rotifers microscopic animals parts of case study in nursing oil by itself.

But evidence is mounting that five years after millions of gallons of oil spilled into the Gulf, wildlife there is still struggling to rebound.

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And the article provides another great example of precisely why self-regulation is a bad idea. Some examples of specific risk reduction work across its refining and petrochemicals portfolio in include: Mendenhall, U.