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Guide for authors. John Geare provides a specific example for clarity. Oct 16, For many authors, this occurs most often in the Methods section. AMA Manual of Style:

Accessed March 4, To learn more, see " The Value of the Passive Voice.

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Robinson The APA recommends that verb tenses and voices should be used carefully. The passive voice is indirect receiver—verb—performer and can be weak, awkward, and wordy. American Psychological Association.

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When is a good time to use the passive voice in scientific writing? Do you have a question on this writing tip? In this paper, a structure is suggested for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid D.

  1. References — Citations in brackets are parenthetical remarks.

Can you think of some other examples where either one voice—active or passive—clearly seems better? These types of passive-voice sentences are a form of hedging.

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Short sentences are more effective at holding the reader's attention. For instance, inone elegantly written paper began: My colleagues A, B, [names changed] and I, designed an experiment to test the impact on worker perceptions of well-being when domesticated cats were allowed to freely roam various work environments in which the subjects were normally employed.

On the other hand, the passive voice is useful in the Methods section, where the steps taken are more important than the doer.

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Although the passive has its place—for example, in the Methods section—in many instances it makes the manuscript dull by failing to identify the author's role in the research We secretly inserted observers directly into the work environment. However, in the art of writing, polarized views often become irrelevant and a balance must be achieved by using the two voices contextually.

Writing Tips: Active Voice and Passive Voice

In this study, we investigated the effects of drug X on the serum levels of phosphorus in post-menopausal women. AMA Manual of Style: Considered to be objective, impersonal, and well suited to science writing, the passive voice became the standard style for medical and scientific journal publications for decades.

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Think about what information the target reader is looking for, and choose the active voice or the passive voice, whichever will make the text most clear and comprehensible. Write in the active [voice] and use the first person where necessary.

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Try not to be reluctant to utilize the active voice — particularly in the Discussion section, where it is imperative to express that it is you supposing certain things and having specific assessments. Think about your house style for pages and for things like fragments of computer programs.

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Passionate about author education and scholarly communications; excited to welcome you to the Editage Insights community! Do scientific and medical journals, in their instructions for authors, advise them to write in the active voice?

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So "The system distinguished six emotions" rather than "It was found that the system could distinguish six emotions". In fact, some scholars have actually shown that active voice was the preferred form till the beginning of the 20th century when the trend of objectivity became favored.

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