Systematic literature review griffith university. Alcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: A systematic literature review.

Only two studies evaluated prevention strategies. There are some limits to this method. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

Literature Review

Further studies are required on the effectiveness of interventions aimed at increasing lifejacket wear in a range of different audiences, diverse activities, and in a variety of aquatic locations to guide other countries that wish to address lifejacket wear rates, including LMICs. Interventions Three studies [ 141520 ] discussed the evaluation of interventions designed to increase lifejacket wear.

Two other studies [ fr dissertation ] looked at boat size as a predictor of lifejacket use with inconsistent results. This systematic review also identified a lack of research in the published literature with respect to rock fishing and the impact of lifejackets on death and injury as a result of this dangerous activity [ 56 ].

There is a need for higher quality studies and behavioural basic and applied research to better understand and change this risky behaviour. You can help correct errors and omissions. The Australian State of Essay writing meaning in kannada introduced mandatory lifejacket use in December We often face the challenge of mastering new topics.

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It is important to be consistent and objective in how you search and select documents, and how you classify the data about each document in your database too. This systematic review also highlighted the need for studies examining the impact of compliance on lifejacket wear. Other methods such as the famous Cochrane Reviews in medical sciences focus on what is known, but also create new knowledge: In one study [ 29 ], individuals on large boats were more likely to use lifejackets followed by those on medium-sized boats, whereas users of small boats were least likely to use lifejackets.

A study of 1, sailors [ 25 ] also showed that those under the age of 30 years were significantly more likely to use lifejackets than those over the age of 30 years. A systematic quantitative literature review. Drug Alcohol Rev.

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However, a qualitative study from Canada [ 33 ] found that low levels of confidence in the effectiveness of lifejackets may be associated with lifejacket use. Biomarkers of contaminant exposure and effect are widely applied to this end, and a significant amount of research has focused on development and validation of sensitive and diagnostic biomarkers. Furthermore, an observational study on boaters found children were more likely to wear lifejackets than adolescents [ 26 ], a finding supported by another observational study in Sacramento County [ 7 ].

Finally, you can report the findings - in a newspaper, newsletter, chatroom, blog or even a scholarly journal.

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A cross-sectional study on boaters in Western Washington [ 29 ] did not show a significant difference in lifejacket use by household income and between those with and without some college education. With so much information out there on many different issues, how is a person new to a subject supposed to find out what is known about a subject? They collate data from published studies, reanalyse the data to provide more robust answers to important research questions, and identify knowledge gaps.

Alcohol, in particular, has been identified in the reviewed literature as being associated with decreased lifejacket wear. Author information: There may be additional relevant literature published in the non-peer reviewed literature and in other languages.

One study by Quistberg et al.

Alcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: A systematic literature review.

Observations by Mangione et al. In another study [ 21 ], comparing two different interventions to increase lifejacket use, those in small boats were more likely to wear lifejackets than those in medium and large sized boats in California and Mississippi.

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Accessibility and ownership of lifejackets. Dental office business plan mission statement Dental office business plan mission statement operational plan of a business plan of restaurant. Qualitative research is required to determine differences in perception of drowning risk and the role of lifejackets between those who use powered and non-powered boats.

Interventions Bennett et al.

Griffith university systematic literature review

Younger members of the community perceived elders as role models and refused to wear lifejackets as their elders do not wear them either. Problem solving and decision making in engineering economics Problem solving and decision making in engineering economics how to write a justifying an evaluation essay how to write an assessment paper, dissertation marking scheme universal college application essay prompts problem solving ks2 app corporate finance homework help website sport essay what are note cards for a research paper examples types of research papers high school sharing housework essay problem solving for grade 3 answer business plan activity questionnaire appendix example research paper depression questions for research paper critical thinking videos for kids public health dissertation grants research paper topics lists photoshop assignment pics.

California assignment for the benefit of creditors work. Four [ 23272930 ] of these studies found females were significantly more likely to wear lifejackets than males. Adjusted risk ratios [ 23 ] showed no differences in lifejacket use by activity type using fishing or the intent to systematic literature review griffith university as a reference group, with the exception of those undergoing water-skiing activities who were significantly more likely to wear lifejackets.

All rights reserved. Author information: Results Socio-demographic factors Age.

Alcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: A systematic literature review.

While the analysis did not look specifically at lifejacket use, results showed a significant decline in drownings within the group of interest, potentially as a result of higher lifejacket use. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know.

Other studies have found significant differences. This can be done by anyone with an internet connection.

How to find the knowns and unknowns in any research

One study [ 29 ] found that confidence in lifejackets was not significantly associated with lifejacket use. Overall, sample sizes among quantitative studies varied between 74 andWhat is a fallacy in an argument essay What is a fallacy in an argument essay earn money by solving physics problems online, scholarship application essay help research paper generator free printable.

Supporting information. Factors associated with increased lifejacket wear A range of factors were found to be associated with increased lifejacket wear. Factors associated with decreased lifejacket wear Factors associated with decreased wear included adults, males, discomfort of lifejackets, cost apa formatted annotated bibliography sample accessibility, consumption of alcohol, and swimming ability.

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Wintemute et al. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. Alcohol use, aquatic injury, and unintentional drowning: General contact details of provider: Both approaches showed increased lifejacket use in adults. Mangione et al.

Those engaged in water-skiing and fishing were also found to be more likely to wear a lifejacket. This systematic review apa formatted annotated bibliography sample limited by the examination of peer-reviewed literature in English and German only.

Citations per year

Have you ever felt overloaded by information? Waterway type. In a qualitative study [ 33 ] of Canadians with the majority from First Nations backgrounds, participants perceived the use of lifejackets as optional depending on the boating skills of the person. XML Conversion Team. If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form.

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Inconsistent findings were found for weather and water conditions. Factors related to lifejackets Comfort of lifejackets. The implementation and short essay on co education system of strategies to combat these barriers must also be conducted.

1. Overview of method

Given other drowning prevention research has shown ethnicity and low household income [ 53 ] as well as waterway type [ 54putting a quote in a research paper ] to be implicated in drownings, qualitative and exposure studies should be conducted to confirm if such variables do actually have an impact on lifejacket wear.

Two of these studies [ 2329 ] analysed the effect of water conditions on lifejacket use; choppy water conditions were found to be negatively associated with lifejacket use in both studies. Males, boating, not wearing systematic literature review griffith university, and swimming alone at night, and at locations without lifeguards were risk factors for alcohol-related drowning.

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The interventions, mandatory regulations, educational marketing campaigns, or a combination of the two, were all found to have improved lifejacket wear rates. Study quality was consistently low, and risk of bias was consistently high across studies.

You can even create tables or graphs from your spreadsheet, showing who is being funded, or what findings are being reported about particular places and topics.

Participants in another qualitative study discussed how less experience may lead to overconfidence and lower levels of lifejacket use [ 34 ]. Further reading: Boating abilities. It may not be as appropriate for some areas in humanities, architecture, music, literature or dance-studies.

A systematic literature review of risk and gender research in tourism. And almost any topic can be investigated:

These include the impact of different terminology and styles of jacket on wear rates among different cultures; attitudes toward and use of lifejacket as stratified by swimming ability and competence in or on the water both perceived and real ; and lifejacket wear rates as impacted by different types of aquatic activity such as paddling, jet skis, surfing, kite surfing, and stand up paddleboarding.

Template for business continuity plan definition Template for business continuity plan definition anti homework petition examples of title for research proposal inspiration essays examples persuasive essay prompts for college rhetorical analysis essay conclusion. Environ Pollut. These results are supported by Mangione et al. No specific age groups were consistently identified as being at risk.

Treser et al. Similarly, Quan et al. The discomfort of lifejackets was also found to be negatively associated with lifejacket wear. Quan et al. Lifejackets are an important part of a drowning prevention strategy for males who boat and use watercraft [ 2937 ]. And almost any topic can be investigated: In contrast, the highest figure for users of motorised boats was 8.

This information, combined with the findings of this review, can be incorporated into prevention strategies to further strengthen the evidence base and effectiveness of interventions aimed at preventing drowning.