How to do a literature review paper, what...

Identify new ways to interpret prior research. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review. Organizing the body Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your paper. Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication.

In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. Was the sample size appropriate?

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For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.

So you check those out. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. They should arise out of your organizational strategy. For more information, please see our handout on cover letter applying for own job. Footer Download Now!!

Guidelines for writing a literature review

This slight change in perspective, completely shifted my writing experience. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes literature review multiple choice questions and answers literature that you have charted in the table.

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Be selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. Put in only what is necessary. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Make an outline for your review at the very beginning.

In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue?

Your review should cover a wide range of the articles available. You can also see that this evaluative approach is well signalled by linguistic markers indicating logical connections words such as "however," "moreover" and phrases such as "substantiates the claim that," which indicate supporting evidence and Student B's ability to synthesize knowledge.

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The chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a chronology. When writing your review, keep in mind these issues.

What is a literature review?

While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically. Traditional and Systematic Techniques. Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Something you jot down in the early stages of collecting articles might even make it into your final hotel marketing strategy case study. To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario: This is called citation tracking and there are a number of sources that can help you identify who has cited whom, particularly scholars from outside of your discipline.

Writing a Literature Review | Library

You can return to it and revise it later. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. From the Internet to Paper. What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework.

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A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording.

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Always credit anyone who helps you, and offer your own skills and time to give them feedback in return. University College Writing Centre. At this point consider: The Allyn and Bacon Handbook.

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  • Literature Reviews - The Writing Center
  • Literature Review Tips:

You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. Strategies for writing the literature review Find a focus A literature review, like a term paper, is usually soal essay kwu kelas 10 around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized.

Finally, after a week I had an epiphany: Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future thesis defense panel questions near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis Step 7: Who writes these things, anyway?

Import your references into your RefWorks account see: Give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations, Trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates, Depending on the situation, evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant research, or Usually in the conclusion of a literature review, identify where gaps exist in how a problem has been researched to date.

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Have an exemplary literature review?

Then, focus on content. Identify major trends or patterns: Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. First, I felt like I was drowning in information. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.

Literature Review Tips: 5 Steps to an Outstanding Paper - Finish Your Thesis

However, particularly in the social sciences, recycling thesis about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.

There are a few guidelines you should follow during the writing stage as well. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.

Literature Review: Conducting & Writing

First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish. Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.

For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East?

Terms, Functions, and Distinctions. Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort.

This could include critiquing the methodology of the previous research. So, how do you tackle a literature review without getting lost?

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Locate your own research within the context of existing literature how to choose right friends essay important]. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis.

  1. Do they reveal a trend in the field?
  2. Smith concludes that personal privacy in their living quarters is the most important factor in nursing home residents' perception of their autonomy.
  3. Who writes these things, anyway?

Here are a couple of examples: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.

Be consistent in how you record notes.


A review organized in this manner would thesis defense panel questions between time periods within each section according to the point made. But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper?

A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem.

Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. Were the results effectively interpreted and reported?

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Types of Literature Reviews It is important to think of knowledge in a given field as consisting of three layers. Make sure your citations are relevant, and that you can tie them into your thesis effectively. Writing literature reviews: